PARAM VIR CHAKRA
The Param Vir Chakra is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.
Following categories of persons are eligible for the Param Vir Chakra:
a. Officers and men and women of all ranks of the Naval, Military and Air Forces, of any of the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army, Militia and of any other lawfully constituted Armed Forces.
b. Matrons, Sisters, Nurses and the Staff of the Nursing Services and other Services pertaining to Hospitals and Nursing, and Civilians of either sex serving regularly or temporarily under the orders, directions or supervision of any of the above-mentioned Forces.
The PVC has been awarded 21 times, of which 14 were awarded posthumously and 16 arose from actions in Indo-Pakistani conflicts. Of the 21 awardees, 20 have been from the Indian Army, and one has been from the Indian Air Force. The Grenadiers, with three awards, have received the greatest number of Param Vir Chakras. The various Gorkha Rifle regiments of the Indian Army have received three awards, with the 1, 8, and 11 Gorkha Rifle regiments each having one PVC recipient.
As of January 2018, Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in 1971, is the only Indian Air Force officer to have been honoured with the medal.] Subedar Major Bana Singh, Naib Subedar Sanjay Kumar and Subedar Yogendra Singh Yadav, are the only living recipients of the award.
The * indicates that the Param Vir Chakra was awarded posthumously.
|Name||Unit||Date of action||Conflict||Place of action|
|Somnath Sharma||4 Kumaon||3 November 1947*||Battle of Badgam||Badgam, J & K, India|
|Jadu Nath Singh||1 Rajput||6 February 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947||Naushera, J & K, India|
|Rama Raghoba Rane||Bombay Sappers||08-Apr-48||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947||Naushera, J & K, India|
|Piru Singh Shekhawat||6 Rajputana Rifles||17 July 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947||Tithwal, J & K, India|
|Karam Singh||1 Sikh||13-Oct-48||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947||Tithwal, J & K, India|
|Gurbachan Singh Salaria||3/1 Gorkha Rifles[d]||5 December 1961*||Congo Crisis||Élisabethville, Katanga, Congo|
|Dhan Singh Thapa||1/8 Gorkha Rifles||20-Oct-62||Sino-Indian War||Ladakh, J & K, India|
|Joginder Singh Sahnan||1 Sikh||23 October 1962*||Sino-Indian War||Tongpen La, NEFA, India|
|Shaitan Singh||13 Kumaon||18 November 1962*||Sino-Indian War||Rezang La, J & K, India|
|Abdul Hamid||4 Grenadiers||10 September 1965*||Battle of Asal Uttar||Khemkaran, India|
|Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore||17 Poona Horse||11 September 1965*||Battle of Chawinda||Phillora, Sialkot, Pakistan|
|Albert Ekka||14 Guards||3 December 1971*||Battle of Hilli||Gangasagar, Agartala, India|
|Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon||No. 18 Squadron||14 December 1971*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1971||Srinagar, J & K, India|
|Arun Khetarpal||17 Poona Horse||16 December 1971*||Battle of Basantar||Barapind-Jarpal, Shakargarh, Pakistan|
|Hoshiar Singh||3 Grenadiers||17-Dec-71||Battle of Basantar||Basantar River, Shakargarh, Pakistan|
|Bana Singh||8 JAK LI||23-May-87||Operation Rajiv||Siachen Glacier, J & K, India|
|Ramaswamy Parameshwaran||8 Mahar[e]||25 November 1987*||Operation Pawan||Sri Lanka|
|Manoj Kumar Pandey||1/11 Gorkha Rifles||3 July 1999*||Operation Vijay||Khaluber /Juber Top, J & K, India|
|Yogendra Singh Yadav||18 Grenadiers||04-Jul-99||Battle of Tiger Hill||Tiger Hill, J & K, India|
|Sanjay Kumar||13 JAK Rifles||05-Jul-99||Kargil War||Kargil, J & K, India|
|Vikram Batra||13 JAK Rifles||5 July 1999*||Operation Vijay||Kargil, J & K, India|